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What is IN Vitro Fetilization in simple words? What is IVF in Lebanon?
It is the fertilization of an egg with the husband's sperm outside the uterus, in the laboratory, and keeping it there for 3 - 5 days. After the transfer of the embryo to the woman's uterus, the pregnancy continues as a natural normal pregnancy.
At first the woman makes some injections for 8 - 10 days to increase the number of eggs to be fertilized to increase the success rate.
When the eggs reach a certain size, we say that they become mature and ready to be aspirated to be fertilized by the sperm.
Under light sedation (about 10 - 15 minutes), the eggs are aspirated from the ovaries of the women through the vagina controlled by ultrasound.
We check on the aspirated eggs by a microscope and we choose the mature and good ones to be fertilized by the sperm.
Meanwhile, the husband gives his sperm. Also under a microscope, the best good looking sperm is injected in the egg (ICSI).
We wait on them to become embryos in the Lab for 3 - 5 days.
When the embryos are ready, we transfer them inside the uterus without sedation. The woman needs about 3 days of bed rest after the embryo transfer, then she can continue her life as usual until she gets the result of the pregnancy blood test, done 2 weeks after the transfer of the embryos.
If the pregnancy test is positive, the woman will continue her pregnancy as a normal pregnancy.