Birth Control by Intra Uterine Device (IUD)
Is a Small, "T-shaped" device inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy
It issafe, effective, and long lasting. It has to be inserted by a doctor.
IUDs are small, "T-shaped" devices made of flexible plastic. A doctor inserts an IUD into a woman's uterus to prevent pregnancy.
There are two types of birth control IUD available - Copper and Hormonal
They are effective from 5 years to 12 years.
Both the copper and hormonal IUDs work mainly by affecting the way which the sperm move so they can't join with the egg. If the sperm cannot join with the egg, pregnancy cannot happen.
Hormonal IUDs may prevent the egg from leaving the ovary. Pregnancy cannot happen if there is no egg to join with sperm.
Hormonal IUDs release a small amount of progestin continuously.
Progestin also prevents pregnancy by thickening a woman's cervical mucus. The mucus blocks sperm and keeps it from joining with an egg.
An IUD has 99% effectiveness to prevent pregnancy.