The semen analysis or sperm analysis is an essential fertility test for men. Semen analysis is one of the first tests done to evaluate a man's fertility. It can help determine if a problem in sperm production or quality of the sperm is causing infertility. About half of couples unable to have children have a male infertility problem.
Semen analysis measures the amount and quality and motility of a man's semen and sperm. Semen is the thick, white fluid released during ejaculation that contains sperm. It is done after 3 - 5 days of abstinence (No sexual activity that causes ejaculation before the test).
The test may also be used after a vasectomy to make sure there are no sperm in the semen. This can confirm the success of the vasectomy.
Methods for collecting a sperm sample include:
- Masturbating into a sterile jar or cup in a private room at the clinic.
- Using a special condom during intercourse given to you by your doctor or nurse
- You should get the sample to the lab within 30 minutes. If the sample is collected at home, keep it in the inside pocket of coat so that it will stay at body temperature while you are transporting it.
- A laboratory specialist must look at the sample within 2 hours of the collection. The earlier the sample is analyzed, the more reliable the results.
The following things will be evaluated:
• How the semen thickens into a solid and turns to liquid
• Fluid thickness, acidity, and sugar content
• Resistance to flow (viscosity)
• Movement of the sperm (motility)
• Number of the sperm (count)
• Morphology (form)
• Volume of semen