Sperm can be frozen for future use. Storing your sperm enables you to use them for treatment in the future.
Storing sperm is the only established way to preserve male fertility. Studies have shown that sperm can be retrieved and stored from patients as young as 13 years old, and storing sperm for a long time should not alter its ability to fertilize an egg.
You have to freezing your sperm in case:
• You have cancer, or facing a medical treatment for cancer, that may affect your fertility, such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
• Before vasectomy.
• You have a low sperm count or the quality of your sperm is getting worse.
• You have difficulty producing a sample on the day of fertility treatment or in case you’re travelling on the day of the egg pickup when the sperm is needed to fertilize the eggs.
• You’re at risk of injury (member of the Armed Forces in a war zone), or involved in high risk occupations which affect the sperm quantity and quality (drivers, cyclists, high temperature environment).
How much control do I have over what happens to my sperm?
When you first freeze your sperm, the clinic will ask you to fill out consent forms for your sperm to be stored.
The forms allow you to specify:
• What will happen to your sperm should you become unable to make decisions for yourself or die?
• How long you want to store your sperm?
• Whether your partner (if you have one) can use the sperm later to create a family.
You can vary or withdraw your consent at any time, either before treatment or before the sperm are used.
• You must let the clinic know if you change address. This is so they can contact you when the storage period is coming to an end. If they cannot contact you when the storage period ends, they will take your sperm out of storage and allow them to perish.